Salmon coins the word ‘e-tivity’ to describe ‘a framework for active and interactive learning’ (Salmon, 2002, p.1) which is done online.

This framework comprises the following five stages are:

  • Access and motivation
  • Online socialization
  • Information exchange
  • Knowledge construction
  • Development

As found in other learning frameworks, these steps need to be taken as generalisations for learning. Such stages are important, although they need to be appropriated according to the context in which they are being used.  Also such a model seems to take for granted that for online learning to be active ,interactive and effective, learning has to be done through a constructivist, collaborative environment (I agree) but what about other forms of learning which may be done in isolation or through lurking?

Collaboration is difficult to instill in my students. They are not accustomed to collaborate in their learning. They are accustomed to an instructivist environment where teachers are the sages and they are the containers which need to be filled up. The aim of their schooling system is that of achieving the best possible marks in their exams, therefore they tend to compete against each other rather than share/collaborate towards a common goal.  Also my students being 11-16 year olds are not mature enough to reflect effectively on their own learning.  I think that ‘Knowledge construction’ and ‘Development’ are somewhat difficult to achieve. On the other hand such a framework does not mean that all 5 stages need to be experienced in order to have successful learning.  Such scaffolding means that the higher you go the more in-depth you reach in your learning.

*’need to attain the experience of being an online students’




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